Wild plants in cosmetics and food / Divje rastline v kozmetiki in prehrani #1

Wild plants in cosmetics and/or food


Spring is finally here and everything is blooming. Now is the time to go in nature and harvest some wild plants. 😍

Did you know that you can make coffee from dandelion root? And that you can make daisy body oil, that can help reduce hyperpigmentation?

Wild plants are versatile and can be used in cosmetics and/or in dishes as additional ingredient or just as a decoration. Today we share with you few of our favourite wild plants which we also use for cosmetics formulations or food recipes.

This spring we’ve already started to harvest lungwort (Pulmonaria officinalis) and wild garlic (Allium ursinum). Beside wild garlic, you can also add fresh flowers such as primrose (Primula vulgaris) and daisies (Bellis perennis), herbs, dandelion (Taraxacum) or chives (Allium schoenoprasum) into your spring salad. Some natural cosmetics formulators have already started extracting.

Plant extraction is a process that aims to extract certain components present in plants. It is a solid/liquid separation operation: a solid object (the plant) is placed in contact with a fluid (usually alcohol or distilled water). The plant components of interest are then solubilised and contained within the solvent. We keep the extracts for two to five weeks in a dark, cool place and then we remove the plant material we used for extracting.

If you decide to make oil extract, use cold-pressed oils, that provide the highest percent of active ingredients (refined, processed oils contain significantly less active ingredients).

WILD PLANTS AND THEIR USE

DANDELION (Taraxacum)

There is certainly no Slovenian who would never eat dandelion in a homemade spring salad. Here in Slovenia we just love “regrat” (dandelion in Slovene). Dandelion is a diuretic and laxative, antirheumatic and can be used for digestive disorders, skin problems and swelling. Dandelion leaves contain flavonoids, coumarin, vitamin B and vitamin C. Most people only use dandelion green leaves, but we can also harvest flowers and roots, from which we can even make coffee.

Use of dandelion:

-Dandelion root can be used to make extracts and coffee. For dandelion coffee: first, dry chopped dandelion roots (you can also use a dehydrator) and then fry them on a pan. Once the roots have cooled, grind them into a coffee powder. If desired, add regular coffee to the dandelion powder. Use and cook dandelion powder like a regular coffee. Store in a cool, dark place.

-The root and leaves can also be used in a salad to which you can add spices, buckwheat, potatoes and other ingredients of your choice.

-From the roots we can prepare tinctures that we drink diluted in preffered drink (few drops per day in the morning).

-From dandelion flowers we can prepare a tea mixture.

-Dandelion flowers can be used for dandelion oil or a syrup.

Dandelion flowers

COMMON DAISY (Bellis perenni)

Daisy is a versatile medicinal plant that contains beneficial saponins, tannins, volatile oil and other ingredients that have a calming effect. In cosmetics, daisy is used in pregnancy body oils, stretch marks, skin care and pigmentation.

Use of daisy:

-Daisy oil is used in body and lip balms. Daisy flowers can be extracted in glycerol. As a result, daisy glycerol can be used in homemade cosmetics.

-Daisy tea is effective for chest inflammation, internal bleeding, stomach problems and anemia.

-Daisy oils can be use in cosmetics for decolletage and breasts, acne and pimple skin.

-You can also add daisy into your smoothies.

Tip: They work great as a decoration of dishes (just make sure there is enough light, otherwise the flowers close)

SWEET VIOLET (Viola odorata)

Sweet violet is a popular medicinal plant of traditional European and Asian herbalism. Violet contains violin (alkaloid), violam, violarubin, iridine (glycoside), odoratin, salicylic acid compounds and essential oil. Sweet violet reduces inflammation and fever and is especially suitable for the treatment of colds and bronchitis. Sweet violet calms the nervous system, strengthens the immune system and restores the harmony of body and mind with its pleasant scent.

Use of sweet violet:

-Flower syrup made of dried violet flower part is recommended to relieve cough.

-Violet tea or bath help with excessive nervous irritation, cramps, hysteria and pathological fear of the disease.
-The tiny medicinal plant also improves digestion and stimulates the functioning of the organs in the lower abdomen.
-Same as daisy, violet flowers can be extracted in glycerol. Glycerol extract can be used in formulations of cosmetic products.

When harvesting wild plants, we must now when is the tight time to harvest them-leaves, flowers or roots and we are respectful of nature.

Do you have any experiences with wild plants? Let us know in the comments.

Follow us:

2 Natureholics

2natureholics

DIVJE RASTLINE IN NJIHOVA UPORABA

Pomlad je končno tu in vse cveti. Zdaj je čas, da se odpravimo v naravo in naberemo nekaj divjih rastlin. 😍

Ste vedeli, da lahko pripravite kavo iz regratove korenine? In da lahko iz marjetic naredite olje za telo, ki lahko pomaga zmanjšati hiperpigmentacijo?

Divje rastline so vsestranske in jih lahko uporabimo v kozmetiki in / ali v jedeh kot dodatno sestavino ali dekoracijo. Danes z vami deliva nekaj najinihh najljubših divjih rastlin, ki jih uporabljava tudi za kozmetične pripravke ali recepte.

Letos smo že začeli nabirati pljučnik (Pulmonaria officinalis) in čemaž (Allium ursinum). Poleg čemaža lahko v spomladansko solato dodate tudi sveže cvetje, na primer trobentice (Primula vulgaris) in marjetice (Bellis perennis), zelišča, regrat (Taraxacum) ali drobnjak (Allium schoenoprasum). Nekateri ljubitelje naravne kozmetike, so že začeli pripravljati prve rastlinske izvlečke in macerate. Izvlečke pripravimo z ekstrakcijo rastlinskega materiala z izbranim topilom, npr. vodo ali alkohol. Ekstrakte hranimo dva do pet tednov v temnem, hladnem prostoru, nato pa odstranimo rastlinski material, ki smo ga uporabili za ekstrakcijo. Za maceriranje pa uporabljamo hladno stisnjena olja (ali alkohol), ki zagotavljajo največji odstotek aktivnih sestavin, ki jih rafinirana, predelana olja ne vsebujejo.

REGRAT

Gotovo ni Slovenca, ki ne bi že kdaj pojedel regrat v domači pomladni solati. Regrat je diuretik in laksativ, antirevmatik, deluje pri prebavnih motnjah, kožnih težavah, oteklinah in vpliva na splošno presnovo. Listi regrata vsebujejo flavonoide, kumarin, vitamin B in vitamin C. Večina uporablja pri regratu samo zelene liste, a nabiramo lahko tudi cvetove in korenine, iz slednjih pa lahko pripravimo tudi kavo.

Uporaba regrata:

-Korenino regrata lahko uporabimo za pripravo kavnega nadomestka. Najprej posušimo nasekljane regratove korenine (lahko tudi v dehidratorju), ki jih nato popražimo. Ko se korenine ohladijo, jih zmeljemo v prah, ki ga uporabimo kot kavni nadomestek. Po želji regratovemu prahu, dodamo navadno kavo. Hranimo v neprodušni posodi na temnem mestu.

-Korenino in liste lahko uporabimo tudi v solati, ki ji lahko dodamo začimbe, kuhano ajdo, krompir in druge sestavine po izbiri.

-Iz korenine lahko izdelujemo tinkture, ki jo uživamo na tešče. Nekaj kapljic tinkture dodamo v napitek in spijemo.

-Iz regrata in njegovih cvetov lahko izdelamo čajno mešanico.

-Regratove cvetove lahko maceriramo ali iz njih pripravimo sirup. Macerat lahko uporabimo kot aromatično olje ali ga dodamo v mazilo za telo.

MARJETICA

Marjetica je vsestranske zdravilna rastlina, ki vsebuje koristne saponine, čreslovine, hlapno olje, sluz in druge sestavine, ki delujejo pomirjevalno in blažilno. V kozmetiki se marjetica uporablja pri masaži nosečniškega trebuščka, strijah, negi kože in pigmentacijah.

Uporaba marjetice:

-Čaj iz marjetice uporabljamo pri vnetju poprsnice, notranjih krvavitvah, želodčnih težavah, zlatenici in slabokrvnosti, uporablja se tudi kot obkladek za celjenje ran.

-Macerat iz marjetice uporabljamo za nego dekolteja in prsi, koristno pa je tudi pri negi aknaste in mozoljaste kože.

-Macerat marjetice dodajamo v mazila in balzame za ustnice. Cvetove lahko pomočimo tudi v glicerol, v katerega se izločijo snovi. Dobimo glicerolni izdelek, ki ga lahko uporabimo za izdelavo domače kozmetike.

-Cvetove uporabljamo: v čaju, maceratu, olju, dodajamo ga lahko tudi v solate.

Namig: Izvrstno se obnesejo kot dekoracija jedi (samo poskrbite za dovolj svetlobe, saj v nasprotnem primeru zaprejo cvetove)

Dandelion flowers, wild garlic and primrose

VIJOLICA

Dišeča vijolica je priljubljena zdravilna rastlina tradicionalnega evropskega in azijskega zeliščarstva. Vijolica vsebuje violin (alkaloid), violamin, violarubin, iridin (glikozid), spomini, grenkim, odoratin, spojine salicilne kisline in eterično olje. Za izdelavo zdravilnih pripravkov se uporabljajo prijetno dišeči cvetovi, kot tudi srčasti pecljati listi, plodovi in zlasti pri visokem krvnem tlaku – tudi korenine. Dišeča vijolica, ki sprošča sluz, olajšuje izkašljevanje, znižuje zvišano telesno temperaturo in zmanjšuje vnetja, je še zlasti primerna za zdravljenje prehladnih obolenj in bronhitisa. Dišeča vijolica pomirja živčni sistem, krepi imunsko odpornost ter s svojim prijetnim vonjem vzpostavlja harmonijo telesa in duha.

Uporaba vijolice:

  • Za blaženje kašlja je priporočen sirup iz posušenih cvetov.
  • V obliki čaja ali kopeli pomaga pri čezmerni živčni razdraženosti, krčih pri otrocih, histeriji, patološkem strahu pred boleznijo ter pri neopredeljenih bolečinah in nečisti koži.
  • Drobna zdravilna rastlina izboljšuje tudi prebavo, poleg tega pa spodbuja delovanje organov v spodnjem delu trebuha.
  • Cvetove vijolice lahko kot marjetico, namočimo v glicerol in pridobljeni glicerolni izveček uporabimo pri formuliranju kozmetičnih izdelkov.

Pri nabiranju divjih rastlin upoštevamo čas obiranja ter smo do narave spoštljivi. Preden se podamo v naravo, pa se pozanimamo kdaj se obirajo listi, cvetovi ali korenine.

Kako pa ti uporabljaš divje rastline?

Sledi nama:

2 Natureholics

2natureholics

VIRI:

Rosenberg, Nagersheth, Kuthe Albrecht: Ajurveda z domačimi rastlinami

https://vizita.si/zdravozivljenje/cemaz-ljudski-zdravilec.html

https://www.lekarnar.com/clanki/vodnik-po-zdravilnih-rastlinah

https://www.medicinalplants-pharmacognosy.com/herbs-medicinal-plants/dandelion/

https://njena.svet24.si/clanek/zdravo-zivljenje/5888940e528a3/naredite-si-zdravilno-tinkturo-ki-bo-odgnala-virozo

https://novice.svet24.si/clanek/zdravje/5e4e6fdbb79e5/odpravite-kaselj-s-pomocjo-trobentic

http://www.berkem.com/en/expertise-en/plant-extraction

Advertisement

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: